Tag Archives: John Julius Norwich

Normans in Sicily : the Golden Age

I left my previous blog on the Normans in Sicily in 1108, at the point where Roger II became Count of Sicily, aged 9. He was an astonishing character and began to rule for himself when only 16. He expanded his rule through conquest and, in 1130, became King of Sicily. This is how John Julius Norwich describes Roger’s Sicily by the 1140s:

Cover of Kingdom-Sun-1130-1194-Normans-SicilySicily, first of all, has grown steadily richer; and as her prosperity has increased, so too has her political stability. In contrast to the endemic confusion of the Italian peninsula, the island has become a paragon of just and enlightened government, peaceable and law-abiding, an amalgam of races and languages which seems to give strength rather than weakness; and, as its reputation grows, more and more churchmen and administrators, scholars and merchants and unashamed adventurers are drawn across the sea from England, France and Italy to settle in what must have seemed to many of them a veritable Eldorado, a Kingdom in the sun.

Sadly, the Kingdom in the sun lasted only until 1194. But it has left wonders behind.

The Normans’ Greek Admiral of Sicily

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Sicily and the Normans

green Sicily en route Palermo © Joanna Maitland

© Joanna Maitland 2022

Sicily was a surprise to me when I visited last month. It’s amazingly green and lush. Not at all what I expected.

My mental image of Sicily was derived from watching the arid backdrop to the Montalbano TV series. Wrong 😉

I snapped this picture from our moving bus. It shows the road through the mountainous interior as we travelled from the airport at Catania in the east of the island to Palermo on the north coast.

Green Sicily with citrus trees

© Joanna Maitland 2022

And there was more. Lush citrus groves as shown left. Plus lots of olive trees and vineyards.

I arrived just at the beginning of the hot season. There wasn’t a spot of rain during the 10 days I was there and it was hot. So I can understand how the dry and dusty backdrop to Montalbano comes about.

History of Sicily?

Too complicated to describe in detail here. Except that, since Sicily was strategically important in the Mediterranean, all sorts of peoples strove to control it. It was colonised by, among others, the Phoenicians (also known as Carthaginians) and the Greeks. The two groups were rivals there from the 8th century BC.

Temple E (5th c. BC) at Selinunte

Temple E at Selinunte, built 460-450 BC, rebuilt 1950s © Joanna Maitland 2022

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Day 13 of 12 Days of Christmas : Was It Worth It?

  1. Christmas Wishes and 12 Days of Goodies to come
  2. Day 1 of 12 Days of Christmas : A Partridge in a Pear Tree & P D James
  3. Day 2 of 12 Days of Christmas : 2 Turtle Doves & Jewellery
  4. Day 3 of 12 Days of Christmas : 3 French Hens & translations
  5. Day 4 of 12 Days of Christmas : 4 Calling Birds & Song
  6. Day 5 of 12 Days of Christmas : 5 Gold Rings & Tolkien
  7. Day 6 of 12 Days of Christmas : 6 Geese a-Laying & Paul Gallico
  8. Day 7 of 12 Days of Christmas : 7 Swans a-Swimming & Company
  9. Day 8 of 12 Days of Christmas : 8 Maids a-Milking & Heyer
  10. Day 9 of 12 Days of Christmas : 9 Ladies Dancing & Joanna
  11. Day 10 of 12 Days of Christmas : 10 Lords a-Leaping & Wimsey
  12. Day 11 of 12 Days of Christmas : 11 Pipers Piping & Ratty
  13. Day 12 of 12 Days of Christmas : 12 Drummers Drumming & Play
  14. Day 13 of 12 Days of Christmas : Was It Worth It?
  15. Twelfth Night
  16. 12 Days of Christmas (slightly revised for Botswana)
  17. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 1
  18. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 2
  19. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 3
  20. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 4
  21. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 5
  22. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 6
  23. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 7
  24. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 8
  25. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 9
  26. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 10
  27. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 11
  28. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 12 Part 1
  29. Sophie’s Christmas Mystery Serial Episode 12 conclusion

Day 13 calendarDay 13

It sounds like a horror movie, doesn’t it? Sort of the reverse of the Seventh Day, when you’re supposed to rest. More 21st century urban nightmare than traditional Christmas. (Indeed, the IMdB data base does list a move called DAY 13 filmed in 2017. But that’s about all it says.)

POST PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW

editing sequence actionsWell, Mr True Love, would you say that you succeeded in implementing your ideas?

Did you achieve your goals?

Did the project fully solve the problem it was designed to address?

Can you take things further (further?!) to deliver bigger benefits in the future? (Yikes!) Continue reading