In my recent travels, mostly exploring Mediterranean history (including Romans and Greeks) I’ve seen an awful lot of mosaics like the ones in Italica. I’ve even watched curators working to restore a mosaic in Pompeii.
But I’d never thought much about the fundamentals of creating a mosaic.
Mosaics are just a lot of coloured stones laid on the ground in a clever pattern, aren’t they?
Nope. There’s much more to it than that.
Engineering mosaics to last
If the coloured stones (tesserae) were simply laid on the ground, even if they were grouted together with mortar, they wouldn’t have lasted long. And many of them, as we know, have lasted for thousands of years. They had to be hard-wearing. They were going to be walked on.
Not all of them, of course.
Some mosaics were for wall decoration as you can see in my earlier blog showing some of the incredible religious mosaics in Sicily.
Like this one here where the colours and all that gold really sing.
Floor mosaics have lots of hidden underpinnings. (Wall mosaics probably have a lot less. Not sure on that, but it sort of stands to reason, doesn’t it?) In the museum in Ecija near Seville (called Astigi by the Romans) there are wonderful floor mosaics plus an explanation of how they were made. In pictures, I’m glad to say. Continue reading